How Do Electricity and Magnetism Work?
When we think of electricity and magnetism, we sometimes think they are magic because they can’t be seen by the naked eye but just like the wind, we know it is there because we can see the leaves of the trees moving by themselves or we can feel the cold on our skin but we can’t see it. We only feel it. Before we can actually understand how these two forces work, we need to know the components of each thing around us and reconcile it with both electricity and magnets. Let’s expound further on this natural magic that makes up almost every minute of our time.
To learn how electricity and magnetism work, we have to know that each thing in this world is composed of molecules and atoms. Atoms are consisting of electrons, neutrons and protons. We all know that electricity and magnetism has both positive and negative polarities. These are because the atoms that compose everything in this world are composed of positive and negative charges as well. Electrons orbit around a negative charge, protons are positive charges and neutrons orbit around the neutral charge or can be orbiting around no charge at all. Magnetism has positive and negative fields that would attract or repel each other, that would cause objects to “push” away from each other when being put together. Electricity on the other hand, has both the negative and positive charge that would make an appliance work. For example, a battery would have negative and positive polarities that would produce electricity. If you use both negative charges at the same time and both positives charges in an appliance, there is a good chance the machine won’t work.
Our planet Earth is also a giant magnet that contains a lot of magnetic fields. These magnetic fields are different from gravity. The magnetism comes from South and North poles. Hence a compass works only to point to the North. Both electricity and magnetism work very similarly to each other.